Lingyun Xiao


I'm a field ecologist with a focus on wild mammal ecology and conservation in one of the biodiversity hotspots of China - the Tibetan Plateau.

Among all wildlife, large mammals probably present the greatest challenge to conservation. Because of their large home ranges and space needs, there is widespread debate on whether the conservation of large mammals should rely on spatially separating them from humans through protected areas, or on facilitating their long-term existence in human-dominated landscapes. Answers to this debate and an understanding of their particular contexts are urgently needed, given the projected increase in human resource needs in the coming decades and the resultant further increase in the threats facing wildlife.

My research started from the impact of human pastoral land use activities on an iconic large carnivore, the snow leopard (Panthera uncia) and its natural prey species. Currently my interest developed into several aspects:
1) Why some species survived better to dominant human land use activities while some failed? 2) The complex interactions (trophic, spatial and temporal) among wild ungulates and carnivores under the context of human land use. 3) Based on the interactions, what is the ecological function of large carnivores and herbivores? Especially for the less adaptive species, does it matter if they go extinct? 4) The impact of national laws, policies and local social-economic context on conservation issues.
  • Qualifications

    • Ph.D., Zoology. Peking University, 2011-2017
    • M.S., Ecology and Conservation Biology. Uppsala University, Sweden. 2008-2010
    • B.S., Biological Science. Fudan University. 2004-2008
  • Experience

    • Postdoctoral researcher. Center for Nature and Society, Peking University. 2017-2020
    • Visiting Scholar. Montana University, US. 2015-2016
    • Scientific consultant. Shanshui Conservation Center (Snow leopard project, community-based conservation). 2012-now
    • Co-established and maintained community-based camera-trap monitoring network with Shanshui Conservation Center on the Tibetan Plateau. Lead the establishment of camera-trap database covering over 8 000 km2 of snow leopard habitat on the Tibetan Plateau, with >2.5 million photos collected through 264 local Tibetan herders. 2015-2018
    • Lead the collaboration of Snow Leopard Network in China to produce the joint report “Snow Leopard Survey and Conservation Status in China”. 2017-2018
  • Research interests

    • Conservation biology
    • Human-wildlife conflict and co-existence
    • Species interaction
    • Ecological function
    • Community-based conservation and wildlife monitoring
    • Wildlife trade
  • Articles

    • Shi, X., Zhang, X., Xiao, L., Li, B., Liu, J., Yang, F., Zhao, X., Cheng, C., Lu, Z*. (2020) Public perception of wildlife consumption and trade during the COVID-19 outbreak. Biodiversity Science, 28(5), 630-643.
    • Han, X. S., Chen, H. Q., Dong, Z. Y., Xiao, L. Y., Zhao, X., & Lu, Z. (2020). Discovery of first active breeding den of Chinese mountain cat (Felis bieti). Zoological Research, 41(3), 341.
    • Li, J., Weckworth, B. V., McCarthy, T. M., Liang, X., Liu, Y., Xing, R., ... & Xiao, L., …Lu Z., Beissingerau, S. R. (2020). Defining priorities for global snow leopard conservation landscapes. Biological Conservation, 241, 108387.
    • Li, X., Xiao, L.#, Liang, X., Chen, C., … & Lu, Z.* (2019). Ongoing threats and the current status of snow leopard conservation in China. Biodiversity Science, 27(9), 932–942.
    • Liu, Y., Li, X., Liang, X., Liu, Y., … & Xiao, L.*, and Lu, Z.* (2019). Where and How many? The status of snow leopard (Panthera uncia) density surveys and knowledge gaps in China. Biodiversity Science, 27(9), 919–931.
    • Xiao, L., Chen, C., Wan, H., Zhang, D., Wang, Caidan, Hou, P., Li, J., Yang, X., & Lu, Z. (2019). Defining conservation priority areas of snow leopard habitat in the Sanjiangyuan Region. Biodiversity Science, 27(9), 943–950.
    • Zhao, X., Zhu, Z., Lu, Z., Xiao, L., Mei, S., & Wang, H. (2018). An observation to the new initiative of community conservation guard posts in the pilot Three-River-Source National Park. Biodiversity Science, 26(2), 210–216.
    • Li, J., Xiao, L., & Lu, Z. (2016). Challenges of snow leopard conservation in China. Science China. Life Sciences, 59(6), 637.
    • Wen, C., Han, D., Li, S., Shen, X., Chen, W., Wang, H., Zhu, X., Xiao, L., Liu, M., & Lu, Z. (2014). The Community Structure of Birds at Yanyuan, Peking University. Acta Scientiarum Naturalium Universitatis Pekinensis, 50(3), 416–428.
    • Strand, T., Segelbacher G., Quintela M., Xiao L., Axelsson T., and Höglund, J. Can balancing selection on MHC loci counteract genetic drift in small fragmented populations of black grouse? Ecology and evolution 2, no. 2 (2012): 341-353.
  • Books, monographs, compilations and manuals

    • Xiao, L., Di, H., Cheng, C., Liang, X. (2019). Safeguard the Mountain Spirit: Conservation Status of the Snow leopards in China. Peking University Press, Beijing.
    • Khanyari, M., Alexander, J., Xiao, L., Suryawanshi, K., Odonjavkhlan, C., & Khara, A. (2019). Double-Observer Survey Manual. Snow Leopard Network.
    • Xiao, L., Cheng, C., Zhu, Z. (2016) Manuel on Snow leopard Survey and Monitoring Techniques (in Chinese). Snow Leopard China.
  • Chapters, cases, readings and supplements

    • Liu, Y., Weckworth, B., Li, J., Xiao, L., Zhao, X., & Lu, Z. (2016). China: The Tibetan Plateau, Sanjiangyuan Region. In Snow Leopards (pp. 513-521). Academic Press.
  • Conference presentations

    • Xiao, L., (2019) Scientific-based conservation to promote human-wildlife co-existence in Sanjiangyuan National Park. Invited closing ceremony speech as Young Scientist Representative in the Academic Annual Conference of Chinese Association for Science and Technology. June 29-30, Heilongjiang, China.
    • Xiao, L., Lu, Z. (2019) When money meets tradition: How monetary incentives could be risky for a coupled human‐natural system of pastoralism on the Tibetan Plateau. Oral presentation in ICCB2019: SCB's 29th International Congress for Conservation Biology. July 21-25. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
    • Xiao, L., Lu, Z., & Mishra, C. (2018) The role of snow leopard predation in determine prey recruitment: a synthetic study of abiotic, bottom-up and top-down influences on the Tibetan Plateau. Oral presentation in ECCB2018: 5th European Congress of Conservation Biology. June 12-15, Jyväskylä, Finland.
    • Xiao, L., Zhao, X. (2018) How to safeguard human-wildlife coexistence on the Tibetan Plateau: From snow leopards studies to National Park policies. Oral presentation in 2018 International Conference for Snow Leopard Conservation, September 3-7, Shenzhen, China.
    • Xiao, L., Lu, Z. (2017) Bottom-up or top-down? The Interaction among Snow leopards (Panthera uncia), Blue sheep (Pseudois nayaur) and Livestock in Sanjiangyuan Region. Oral presentation in Annual conference of the Beijing Ecological Society. December 19-20, Beijing, China.
    • Xiao, L., Li, J., Zhao, X., Lu, Z.* (2015). Snow leopard conservation in western China. November, Oral presentation in Montana Chapter of North American Congress of Conservation Biology. November 2015, Missoula, U.S.A.
    • Xiao, L., Lu, Z.* (2014) Food resource evaluation for snow leopards in Sanjiangyuan Region. Oral presentation in the 17th national congress of the Chinese society of zoology and academic seminar. November 17-20, Guangzhou, China.
  • Grants

    • 2013: Conservation Leadership Program, 2013 Future Conservationist Award.
    • September 2008 – August 2010: Chinese State Council (CSC) Scholarship for international master program.
  • Professional service activities

    • Reviewed papers for Current biology, Mammalian, Biodiversity Science, Human Dimensions of Wildlife, Biodiversity and Conservation
  • Teaching activities

    • ENV101 Research and GIS skills
  • Professional memberships

    • Snow Leopard Network
    • Society for Conservation Biology
  • Awards and honours

    • 2019: Group member of the Conservation Biology Research Team of Peking University as the “Innovative Team 2019” awarded by the “Thousand Talents Program of the Qinghai Province”
    • 2013: May 4th award for outstanding PhD candidates in Peking University.
  • 电话

    +86 (0)512 8188 8774
  • 电子邮件
  • 地址

    Emerging & Interdisciplinary Sciences Building
    ES329, South Campus
    No. 8 Chongwen Road
    Suzhou Dushu Lake Science and Education Innovation District
    Suzhou Industrial Park