I'm a field ornithologist with broad interests in ecology, evolution and behavior. My research spans from individuals to communities and ecosystems. Lately, I'm becoming increasingly interested in studying the impact that human activities have on nature and in investigating ways in which these impacts can be minimized.
My previous two projects investigated the impact that habitat transformation has on niches of passerine assemblages and on the breeding ecology of Barn Swallows. Currently, I aim to study how habitat transformation shapes intra- and inter-specific competition and how this influences predation rates from birds to insects.

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Emilio Pagani Nunez
  • Qualifications

    • PhD in Biodiversity, University of Barcelona - 2014
    • Msc in Biodiversity, University of Barcelona - 2011
    • Bsc in Environmental Sciences, University of Granada - 2007
  • Experience

    • Assistant Professor, Xi'an Jiaotong-Liverpool University (China) - 2019 to present
    • Research associate, Sun Yat-sen University (China) - 2016 to 2019
    • Postdoctoral researcher, Guangxi University (China) - 2015 to 2016
    • PhD student, Natural History Museum of Barcelona (Spain) - 2010 to 2014
  • Research interests

    • Behavioral Ecology
    • Trophic interactions
    • Urbanization
    • Environmental pollution
    • Community ecology
    • Ornithology
  • Articles

    • Zhao, Y.Y., Liu, Y., Scordato, S.C.E., Lee, M.B., Xing, X.Y., Pan, X.Y., Liu, Y., Safran, R.J., Pagani-Núñez, E., 2020. The impact of urbanization on body size of Barn Swallows Hirundo rustica gutturalis. Ecology and Evolution. In press.
    • Li DL, Zhang J, Liu Y, Lloyd H, Pagani-Núñez E, Zhang ZW. 2020. Differences in dietary specialization, habitat use and susceptibility to human disturbance influence feeding rates between two migratory Numenius curlew species. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science. 245:106990
    • Yamazaki Y, Pagani-Núñez E, Sota T, Barnett CRA. 2020. The truth is in the detail: Predators attack aposematic prey with less aggression than other prey types. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society. 131:332-343
    • Pagani-Núñez E. 2020. COVID-19: ban 'orientalism' by critics of wildlife trade. Nature. 579(7800):497
    • Pagani-Núñez E, Liang D, He C, Zhou X, Luo X, Liu Y & Goodale E. 2019. Niches in the Anthropocene: Passerines show niche expansion from natural to urban habitats. Ecography. 42:1360-1369
    • Wang XJ, Que PJ, Heckel G, Hu JH, Zhang XC, Chiang CY, Huang Q, Liu SM, Martinez J, Zhang N, Pagani-Núñez E, Dingle C, Yan LY, Szekely T, Zhang ZW & Liu Y. 2019. Genetic, phenotypic and ecological differentiation suggests incipient speciation in two Charadrius plovers along the Chinese coast. BMC Evolutionary Biology. 19:135
    • Pagani-Núñez E, Barnett CR & Senar JC. 2019. Age and sex differences in niche use at moult and its effect on plumage colouration characteristics in a bird. Current Zoology. 65: 251-260
    • Pagani-Núñez E, Renom M, Furquet C, Rodríguez J, Llimona F & Senar JC. 2018. Isotopic niche overlap between the invasive Leiothrix and potential native competitors. Animal Biodiversity and Conservation. 41.2:427-434
    • Liang D, He C, Luo X, Liu Y, Goodale E & Pagani-Núñez E. 2018. Breath rate of passerines across an urbanization gradient supports the pace-of- life hypothesis and suggests diet-mediated responses to handling stress. Ecology and Evolution. 8.18: 9526-9535
    • Liang D, Gao G, Pagani-Núñez E, Pang H, Liu Y, Luo X & Robinson SK. 2018. Incubation behaviour of a high-altitude species: the Fire-tailed Sunbird Aethopyga ignicauda. Bird Study. 65:261-265
    • Pagani‐Núñez E, Xia X, Beauchamp G, He R, Husson JH, Liang D & Goodale E. 2018. Are vocal characteristics related to leadership patterns in mixed‐species bird flocks? Journal of Avian Biology. 49: e01674
    • Pagani-Núñez E, He C, Wu Y, Peabotuwage I & Goodale E. 2017. Foraging in the tropics: relationships between species’ abundances, niche asymmetries and body condition in an urban avian assemblage. Urban Ecosystems. 20:1301-1310
    • He R, Pagani-Núñez E, Chevallier C & Barnett CR. 2017. To be so bold: boldness is repeatable and related to within individual behavioural variability in North Island robins. Behavioural Processes. 140:144-149
    • Jiang A, Yang G, Pagani-Núñez E & Jiang D. 2017. Ecology of two Pittas (Pitta soror and Pitta nympha) in limestone forests of South China. Journal of Natural History. 51:1929-1941
    • Pagani-Núñez E, Renom M, Mateos-Gonzalez F, Cotín J & Senar JC. 2017. The diet of great tit nestlings: Comparing observation records and stable isotope analyses. Basic and Applied Ecology. 18:57-66
    • Pagani-Núñez E, Barnett CA, Gu H & Goodale E. 2016. The need for new categorizations of dietary specialism incorporating spatio-temporal variability of individual diet specialization. Journal of Zoology. 300:1-7
    • Pagani-Núñez E & Senar JC. 2016. More ornamented Great tit Parus major fathers start feeding their offspring earlier. Ardea. 104:167-176
    • Pagani-Núñez E, He C, Li B, Li M, He R, Jiang A & Goodale E. 2016. The breeding ecology of the barn swallow Hirundo rustica gutturalis in South China. Journal of Tropical Ecology. 32:260-263
    • Navalpotro H, Pagani-Núñez E, Hernández-Gómez S & Senar JC. 2016. Comparing prey composition and prey size delivered to nestlings by Great tit (Parus major) and Blue tit (Cyanistes caeruleus) in a Mediterranean sclerophyllous forest. Animal Biodiversity and Conservation. 39:129-139
    • Peiró I & Pagani-Núñez E. 2016. Plumage coloration variability of male Bluethroats (Luscinia svecica cyanecula) wintering in SE Iberia. Ornis Fennica. 93:111-120
    • Pagani-Núñez E, Valls M, Senar JC. 2015. Diet specialization in a generalist population: the case of Mediterranean Great tits Parus major. Oecologia
    • Giraudeau M, Mateos-Gonzalez F, Cotín J, Pagani-Núñez E, Torné-Noguera A, Senar JC. 2015. Metals exposure influences the melanin and carotenoid-based coloration in Great Tits. Science of the Total Environment. 532:512-516
    • Pagani-Núñez E, Uribe F, Hernández-Gómez S, Muñoz G, Senar JC. 2014. Habitat structure and prey composition generate contrasting effects on carotenoid-based plumage of Great tit Parus major nestlings. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society. 113:547-555
    • Pagani-Núñez E, Senar JC. 2014. Are colorful males of great tits Parus major better parents? Parental investment is a matter of quality. Acta Oecologica. 55:23-28
    • Pagani-Núñez E, Hernández-Gómez S, Riyahi S, Senar JC. 2014. Year-round preference for spiders by Mediterranean great tits Parus major. Ardeola. 62:257-267
    • Pagani-Núñez E, Fregenal J, Hernández-Gómez S, Domínguez-Santaella M. 2014. Wintering location and moult patterns of juvenile Common Chiffchaffs (Phylloscopus collybita). Bird Study. 61:270-276
    • Torné-Noguera A, Pagani-Núñez E, Senar JC. 2014. Great Tit (Parus major) breath rate in response to handling stress: urban and forest birds differ. Journal of Ornithology 155:315-318
    • Pagani-Núñez E, Senar JC. 2013. One hour of sampling is enough: Great Tit Parus major parents feed their nestlings consistently across time. Acta Ornithologica. 48:194-200
    • Pagani-Núñez E, Senar JC, Tella JL. 2013. Red-billed Leiothrix sexing is a matter of colour. Bird Study. 60:285-288
    • Pagani-Núñez E, Hernández-Gómez S. 2013. Extent of post-juvenile moult in wintering Common Chiffchaffs Phylloscopus collybita is related to indices of individual quality. Catalan Journal of Ornithology. 29:35-42
    • Pagani‐Núñez E, Senar JC. 2012. Changes in carotenoid-based plumage colour in relation to age in European Serins Serinus serinus. Ibis. 154:155-160
    • Pagani-Núñez E, Ruiz I, Quesada J, Negro JJ, Senar JC. 2011. The diet of Great Tit Parus major nestlings in a Mediterranean Iberian forest: the important role of spiders. Animal Biodiversity and Conservation. 34:355-361
  • Conference presentations

    • 2020 Talk "Barn Swallows where there are no barns" British Ecological Society Festival of Ecology (Online)
    • 2019 Invited Talk “Stable Isotopes in Ecology Research” Youth Ornithologists Symposium of China (Changchun, China)
    • 2019 Talk “Habitat transformation erodes the relationships between niche characteristics, morphology and behavior in passerine assemblages” British Ecological Society Annual Meeting (Belfast, UK)
    • 2018 Poster “Light, temperature and noise are related to clutch size of Barn Swallows Hirundo rustica” International Ornithological Conference (Vancouver, Canada)
    • 2018 Biodiversity Panel, APRU Sustainable Cities and Landscapes 2018 Conference, HKU (Hong Kong, PR China)
    • 2016 Talk “Foraging in the city: does variability between and within species explain urban invasions?" ATBC & SCB Joint Asian Chapter Conference (Singapore)
    • 2013 Talk “More ornamented Great tit fathers delivered higher quality prey to their nestlings” XIV Ibero-American Ethology Congress (Seville, Spain)
    • 2012 Poster “A longitudinal analysis of age-related colour changes in Serins” XIII Ibero-American Ethology Congress (Ciudad Real, Spain)
    • 2012 Poster “It is moult extent of juvenile Common Chiffchaffs a reliable indicator of individual quality?” XXI Iberian Ornithology Congress (Vitoria, Spain)
  • Grants

    • TDF19/20-S2-02 “XJTLU Campus Biodiversity Monitoring”
    • FOS2001LG02 "Resource use and genetic divergence in urban and rural populations of Barn Swallows Hirunda rustica"
    • PGRS1912013 "Urbanization and community structure: the impact of habitat transformation on competition and predation in avian assemblages"
    • NSFC31770454 "The impact of urbanization on the phenotypes and genotypes of Barn Swallows"
  • Professional service activities

    • 2020, Associate Editor, The Condor: Ornithological Applications
    • 2020, Associate Editor, Ecology and Evolution
    • 2020, Guest Editor, Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution - Conservation - Research topic: Impacts of Habitat Transformation on Species, Biodiversity and Ecosystems in Asia
    • 2020, Program Director, Environmental Science
    • 2020, Member, HES Executive Committee
    • 2020, Member, Research Ethics Committee
    • Reviewed papers for Methods in Ecology and Evolution, Journal of Animal Ecology, Conservation Biology, Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution, Global Ecology and Conservation, Behavioral Ecology, Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, Ecology and Evolution, Ecosphere, Ecoscience, Behavior, Condor, Bird Study, Ardea, Ornis Fennica, Avian Research, African Journal of Ecology, Pakistan Journal of Zoology, Animals Cells and Systems, Ringing & Migration, Catalan Journal of Ornithology
  • Teaching activities

    • ENV301 - Final Year Project
    • ENV208 - Aquatic and urban ecology
  • Courses taught

    • ENV002 "Global Environmental Issues"
    • ENV003 "Climate change, environment and health"
  • Professional memberships

    • Spanish Association of Terrestrial Ecology (AEET)
    • British Ecological Society (BES)
    • Ecological Society of China (ESC)
    • Spanish Society of Ethology (SEE)
    • Spanish Ornithologial Society (SEO/Birdlife)
  • Awards and honours

    • PhD Scolarship FPI grant BES-2010-040359
  • Telephone

    +86 0512 8818 9112
  • Email
  • Address

    Emerging & Interdisciplinary Sciences Building
    ES330, South Campus
    No. 8 Chongwen Road

    Suzhou Dushu Lake Science and Education Innovation District
    Suzhou Industrial Park