The ‘enclave economy’ has become an important force for coordinated regional development. Although enclaves can be organised in a variety of ways, they are premised on complementary cooperation, and therefore effective and continuous knowledge transfer is the key. Proposing the endogenous link between the connotation of enclave economy and knowledge transfer theory, this paper develops a knowledge transfer framework for enclave economy. Taking Suzhou Industrial Park as a case study, given its unique dual roles of being both fly-in and fly-out, the knowledge transfer that occurred in these two collaborations has been interpreted and compared from four aspects, namely transfer context, entities’ characteristics, knowledge attributes and communication agent. It scrutinises and summarises the main influential factors for its transfer and iteration and paves a way towards efficient and sustainable development of the enclave economy from a few main aspects.
This paper aims to explore how learning space can be designed to accommodate learning and teaching activities, to lead to teaching innovation, and even to facilitate education reforms and thereby foster a learning society. This paper analyzes the evolvement of learning spaces in universities and its relationship with higher education reforms. Taking Xi’an Jiaotong-Liverpool University as an example, it also explores the multiple possibilities of learning space design in the new era based on environment-behavior principle. It concludes that the reform of learning space should always be considered from an integrated perspective in line with emerging pedagogies and technologies, and be designed to promote effective learning and cultivate learners’ overall competency.
Stormwater management is a key issue in line with global urbanisation and climate change. Effective assessment of stormwater management is crucial to urban resilience to flooding risk. In this study, a method based on a stormwater management model (SWMM) was developed for assessing the control of stormwater runoff volume and the percentage removal of suspended solids by implementing a Sponge City strategy. An interdisciplinary approach was adopted incorporating Low Impact Development (LID) with urban green infrastructure and grey infrastructure paradigms in a typical old residential community in Suzhou, China. Sponge facilities for reducing stormwater runoff included bio-retention cells, permeable pavements, grassed pitches, and stormwater gardens.
Freshwaters in China are affected by point and non-point sources of pollution. The Wujiang District (Suzhou City, China) has canals, rivers, and lakes that are currently facing various water quality issues. In this study, four rivers and a lake in Wujiang were assessed to quantify pollution and explore its causes. Seventy-five monthly samples were collected from these water bodies (five locations/samples per area) from August to October 2020 and were compared with nine control samples collected from a water protection area. Fifteen physicochemical, microbiological, and molecular–microbiological parameters were analysed, including nutrients, total and fecal coliforms, and fecal markers. Significant monthly variation was observed for most parameters at all areas.
During China’s rapid economic development and urbanisation, numerous cases of urban malodorous black river (MBR) have occurred. MBR refers to a polluted urban river that smells bad, almost black in colour, with no aquatic plants or animals, causing many social and environmental problems. The Chinese government has sought public participation during the MBR treatment as part of a comprehensive plan to improve residents’ environmental satisfaction. To investigate the influencing factors of public participation and satisfaction, a questionnaire was conducted among residential communities close to an MBR. SPSS 22.0 was employed to analyse the collected data, using factor analysis, correlation analysis, and linear regression analysis.